National Institutes of Health

Alcohol Facts

Drinks like beer, malt liquor, wine, and hard liquor contain alcohol. Alcohol is the ingredient that gets you drunk.

Hard liquor—such as whiskey, rum, or gin—has more alcohol in it than beer, malt liquor, or wine.

These drink sizes have about the same amount of alcohol in them:

  • 1 ½ ounces of hard liquor
  • 5 ounces of wine
  • 8 ounces of malt liquor
  • 12 ounces of beer

Being drunk can make a person feel very silly, angry, or sad for no reason. It can make it hard to walk in a straight line, talk clearly, or drive.

Some slang names for alcohol are:

  • Booze
  • Juice
  • Hooch
  • Sauce
  • Rotgut
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"I'm amazed I didn't see it coming."

Farmer sitting next to tractor

Peter is recovering from an alcohol addiction. The addiction grew slowly over many years. (Photo information)

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